Offers Clear Evidence
of Contact Event
Marshall Masters and Robert Heger
What Kind of Data Is It?
The next question that comes to mind is, "What kind of data is indicated by the Crabwood formation?" Some folks might want to haul out their old
Morse Code books thinking they can translate the data represented in the formation using this old coding system. However, there is nothing in the
formation to indicate the use of Morse Code. Rather, a more modern way of transmitting live audio and images is suggested.
On August 9, 2002 the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) adopted a plan that requires television manufacturers to install digital TV
(DTV) tuners on virtually all TV sets by 2007. The significant difference between the present NTSC standard and this new DTV plan is that NTSC
is solely based on what is called interlaced scanning, whereas the DTV standard features both progressive scanning as well as interlaced scanning.
So what is the difference between these two scanning standards? NTSC, which stands for National Television System Committee, became the
standard for all TV sets in America back in 1953. Interlaced scanning was chosen as the original standard because it tricks the human eye into
seeing smooth action on early TV screens. It did this by dividing each TV frame into odd and even display lines. With this scanning method, the odd lines are displayed first, then the even.
With advent of hi-resolution computer monitors, the need for progressive scanning (also known as non-interlaced) became readily apparent. Hence, computer monitors offer much higher resolution than televisions,
plus the added comfort of more stable, flicker-free images.
This now brings us back to the data representation of the Crabwood formation. What this formation tells us is that the data represented in the
disk portion of the formation is that of an interlaced video frame.
Given that the data representation in the Crabwood formation is that of an interlaced video frame, the next question is — could there be more than one
frame represented? This brings us to the next requirement of any protocol, error correction.
Error Correction and the Crabwood Formation
In simple terms, error correction is used to
tell us that we have received a faithful and accurate copy of the data. With binary data, the differences can be dramatic. If we have received an erroneous copy of the data or
processed it inaccurately, the final results are usually unintelligible.
With modern computers, error correction is typically achieved with what is called an error correction bit or a checksum.
However, in terms of the Crabwood formation we believe there is a much simpler way of establishing whether or not we have properly decoded the data -- the image itself.
While more exhaustive analysis is required, the most likely method of error correction presented by the formation is the actual image of the alien itself,
which appears to serve as an image data comparison frame. In other words, if we can generate the exact same image from the data after we decode it, then we will also know how to encode a proper reply.
This brings us to the most frustrating part of this event. The current images available on the formation are all shot at oblique angles, which makes the task of
analyzing the data encoding daunting at best. The reason is that the oblique angles make is extremely difficult (if not impossible) to distinguish the actual
spacing of the data blocks in the spiral. For this reason, it is imperative that high-resolution as well as high-contrast photographs be taken of the formation from directly above, to eliminate the
distortions caused by oblique views.
How Do We Know the Formation
Represents a Complete Transmission?
The next aspect of the formation that needs to be examined in terms of our extraterrestrial protocol is whether or not we're received a complete transmission, or what is more commonly refereed to as a "send complete"
message. Here again, the formation rings true with familiar protocols.
If you examine the illustration below, you'll note that the begin spiral area and the end spiral area (shown as end of data marker in the illustration),
both share a common physical attribute when compared with the actual image data itself. The begin spiral data and the end spiral data segments are longer than any of the other segments in the data spiral itself.
You're Not Alone! Join with Like-minded
Others on the Planet X Town Hall
What is important to note is that CD/DVD players read the data from the center of the disc out to the edge until they find an end of data marker. In
layman's terms, an end of data marker simply tells the play to stop.
The Crabwood formation clearly shows an end of data sequence at the outer edge of the spiral. This is most likely the send complete message
(or end of data marker) used by the extraterrestrial protocol to indicate that the sending device has finished transmitting an entire message.
By knowing this, we will be able to determine if future microwave transmissions (if they happen) have been sent in full or are incomplete or corrupted in some way.
The next protocol issue is the most important in terms of what mankind chooses to do with this information.
Will We Confirm That We've
Received the Message?
This as they say is the $64,000 question. Will we indicate that we have received the message and simultaneously acknowledge that we have deciphered the data encoding method and fully understand the protocol?
If we are to acknowledge receipt of this momentous message, then our reply is simple. First, we broadcast a copy of the message we've decoded in the Crabwood formation followed by a similar message with
the likeness of a human.
Then we wait…